THE TURNER BY-VAN, TRI-VAN & RIXI

The By-van and Trivan (there was also a rickshaw like version of the Tri-van known as the Rixi as shown below):-

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, two models of an interesting type of lightweight delivery vehicle have been introduced by the Turner Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Wulfruna Works, Villiers Street,

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Wolverhampton. The outstanding feature of the design lies in the mounting of the engine and transmission system as an integral part of the front-wheel assembly.

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With the exception of the gearbox, the chassis specification is common to both types.

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The three-wheeler has a fabricated steel frame with a coachbuilt body mounted behind the driver, who sits on a pan seat with his legs one on each side of a frame member. The power unit is a Turner Tiger 148cc single cylindered air-cooled two-stroke, mounted horizontally above the front wheel.

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Cooling is assisted by a fan in conjunction with a system of cowling.

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Ignition is by a flywheel magneto, and the engine is lubricated on the petroil system.

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The Tni-van has a three speed gearbox, and the By-van a two-speed unit. A chain takes the drive from the gearbox to the front wheel, the clutch control being on the handlebars and the gear control, in the form of a lever, on the front fork assembly.

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Rear suspension on the Tri-van is by quarter-elliptic springs with Silentbloc bushes in the eyes, whilst at the front, rubber shock absorbers are used. Similar shock absorbers are employed at the front and rear on the By-van. The rear tyres on the Tri-van are 3.25 by 18” Dunlops with 4 or 4.25 by 15” on the front wheel. The latter size of tyre is used on the front and rear wheels of the By-van.

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The body on the By-van is of the pannier type and of pressed-steel construction. It has a capacity of about 5.75 cubic ft., the machine being designed for loads up to 1 k cwt. When standing, the machine is supported on two legs which can be brought into use by the driver from the saddle.

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Fuel consumption for the Tri-van is stated to be 75mpg., and for the By-van 80mpg. These figures, of course, would be governed by the type of service involved.

The following pictures are of a Trivan sold in California:-

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TURNER BYVAN & TRI-VAN BROCHURE

I have recently come in to possession of a promotional brochure as below:-

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Winches

The first Turner winch was developed for use in a Guy Motors truck built in 1927.

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The military wanted a winch fitting to the AAX truck to help with handling field guns and for the recovery of the vehicle. Since then Turners have supplied a large variety of recovery winches for many different military vehicles. Some typical examples are noted below.

Bedford were one of the first vehicle makes to be fitted and this association continued from the WW2 vehicles through the RL to the TK based MK with the last vehicle being the tilt cab TM.

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AEC were also a major customer with the Matador being the best known.

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One of the three winches fitted to the Scammell Pioneer 6X6 recovery vehicle is a Turner unit. The main recovery winch is a Scammell design but the winch over the jib is a Turner unit with the jib being raised and lowered by a Morris unit.

Humber vehicles and Daimler Scout cars were fitted with a 2 ton winch.

The largest winch ever produced by Turners was the 20 ton unit winch was used in the Thornycroft Antar MK3 tank transporter and, with hydraulic drive, in the Leyland Martian recovery vehicle.

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(I'd like to acknowledge the Vintage Spirit magazine for the above photo)

The smallest winch of one ton capacity ('Mini Winch') was available in cable and capstan formats and was produced for the Austin Gipsy and Land Rover range of vehicles.

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Turner also produced a smaller winch the 'Mini Winch' as shown below (more details to be provided when I get the chance):-

The picture below is of another rare Turner car, a 1914 TURNER 4 cylinder 12/20 HP 2 seat open tourer which was posted for sale on eBay in March 2015.

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The advert below is a period one for a slightly later vehicle then the one above:-

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RESTORATION OF ARTICLE OF THE TURNER CAR ABOVE 

Having recently discovered the existence of the above Turner car I also became aware of an article referring to its restoration that appeared in the Motor Sport magazine of March 1959 as below:-

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TURNER AIRCRAFT PARTS

I don't have a great deal of information about this part of Turner's business. I purchased what has proven to be a vacuum pump in September 2017, a picture of which appears below along with a number of Turner aircraft related adverts.












TURNER BRAY OUTBOARD ENGINE

The two pictures below are of a Turner Bray outboard engine:-

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Very recently I have become aware of another Turner Bray engine as shown in the two following pictures and I can report that I am now the proud owner of said engine:-

More recently another Turner-Bray engine has turned up and the owner has got it up and running as per the Youtube link immediately below.

 I also have a PDF document relating to these engines which is now shown in .jpg format below.

BRAY ENGINE BROCHURE







VARIOUS OTHER BRAY ENGINE PICTURES













Turner Machine Tools

I have just (25th April 2017) received some pictures of a genuine Turner lathe as below. The owner advises it came off a farm some 76 miles from Victoria (Australia) and that it is fitted with a 7 1/2" Cushman Chuck Co chuck.


After advising Larry Hopkins that this lathe had been 'discovered' he provided the following information and photographs:-

What I have found is some photos of the Turner machine tools that were at the TMC Fordhouses factory at the time it was being cleared out. You are welcome to post them on the web site. Three Tool & Cutter Grinding machines and one Turner Lathe were sent to the Black Country Living Museum for safe keeping.

The Turner lathes were a capstan lathe very similair to the Herbert 1A. The one at Turners was a 1 1/4 which, I think refers to the bore of the spindle. The designation as a turret lathe is American parlance whereas the capstan name was used in the UK because of the arrangement to index the tool holders.

It is stated in the history notes that I have that the Turner lathes were quite advanced as they featured an individual electric motor on each lathe. The one that has turned up in Australia has a set of belt drive pulleys. However, its quite possible that Turners made both types.

Production of the lathes started during the 1914 to 1918 war and continued in small numbers into the 1930's. During WW2 Turners production was concentrated on aircraft undercarriage and military recovery winches. Jowett at Idle, Bradford made some 250 "Turner" lathes during WW2.